Endangered Language Fund

Language Archive

Maliseet Sounds

Proto-Algonquian forms are taken from John Hewson, A computer-generated dictionary of Proto-Algonquian, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1993. Forms in brackets ("[ ]") are general Algonquian and not likely to be the source of the Maliseet form given. Vowel length is given with a colon (":"); the esh symbol (for the initial sound of "shoot" or "sure") is replaced with "sh"; the theta symbol (initial sound of "thing") is replaced with "th"; and the glottal stop (as before the vowels in "uh-oh") is indicated with "?".

Each item is spoken several times. Click on each number (e.g., "#1") to hear a repetition.

English Gloss Maliseet Sound File Each # is a repetition Maliseet Word Proto-Algonquian Root
bear 1 2 3 4 mowin *mathkwa
cat 1 2 3 4 psuwis [*ka:shake:nsa]
a lot of cats 1 2 3 4 5 psuwisok ---
chair 1 2 3 4 qotoput ---
a lot of chairs 1 2 3 4 cayowiwilqotoputil ---
cow 1 2 3 4 kohos ---
a lot of cows 1 2 3 4 kohosok ---
deer 1 2 3 4 atohk [*wa:wa:shke:hshiwa]
a lot of deer 1 2 3 4 atohkok [*wa:wa:shke:hshiwa]
dog 1 2 3 4 olomuss *athemwa
a lot of dogs 1 2 3 olomussok *athemwa
gun 1 2 3 4 phesqot *pa:shkesikani
hand 1 2 3 4 pihtin *pye:tene:wa (=verb)
my hand 1 2 3 4 5 npihtin *pye:tene:wa (=verb)
horse 1 2 3 4 ahahs ---
a lot of horses 1 2 3 4 ahahsok ---
house 1 2 3 4 5 wikuwam *wi:kiwa:hmi
several houses 1 2 3 4 5 cayowiwilwikuwamul *wi:kiwa:hmi
my house 1 2 3 4 5 nik *wi:kiwa:hmi
moose 1 2 3 4 moss *mo:swa
a lot of moose 1 2 3 4 mossok *mo:swa
muskrat 1 2 3 4 5 6 pewohoss *wa?shashkwa
muskrats 1 2 3 4 pewohossok *wa?shashkwa
paper 1 2 3 4 5 pilasq [*mesenahikani]
a lot of paper 1 2 3 4 pilaskul ---
pencil 1 2 3 4 5 pentsol ---
pig 1 2 3 4 piks [*ko:hko:hsha]
a lot of pigs 1 2 3 4 piksok [*ko:hko:hsha]
porcupine 1 2 3 4 madohwes [*ka:kwa]
rabbit 1 2 3 4 mahtoqehs [*-a:posw]
skunk 1 2 3 4 apikcilu [*sheka:kwa]
snake 1 2 3 4 athusoss [*athko:ka]
table 1 2 3 4 twepot ---
a lot of tables 1 2 3 4 cayowiwilhlewpotil ---
turtle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 cihkonaqc [*mehkena:hkwa]
he is reading 1 2 3 4 totlokheso ---
he is sitting down 1 2 3 4 opu *apiwa
he is sitting down (synonym) 1 2 3 4 5 coqapo ---
I am sitting down 1 2 3 4 nitckokwep ---
Sit down! 1 2 3 4 5 opin ---
he is writing 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 tetlowikhiko ---